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Fasetirane krunice (zubne navlake, veneers)

Fasetirane krunice, fasete ili zubne navlake su posebno napravljene keramičke „ljuspice“ koje se postavljaju na površinu zuba kako bi se popravio izgled istrošene gleđi zuba, neravnine, razmak među zubima, pukotine ili naprsline.

Dental veneers are custom-designed shells of tooth-like ceramic material that, when applied over the surface of a tooth, can cover worn tooth enamel, uneven tooth alignment or spacing and chips or cracks.

Dental veneers fall into the category of cosmetic dentistry because they create a bright, white smile with beautifully aligned, shapely teeth. Even better, the translucent ceramic quality of today’s veneers provides a more natural look than what’s been available in the past.

Regardless of what causes unattractive teeth, dental veneers may solve most or even all of your cosmetic dental issues, including:

– Worn enamel: Over time, the thin, hard white substance covering your teeth (enamel) may become worn, dulled, and discolored. Such wear and discoloration may be natural or the result of a genetic predisposition; however, it is often a result of your habits (soft drink, tea, or coffee consumption, smoking, medication use, etc.).

– Wear and tear: Teeth naturally wear down as people age. Aged teeth are more likely to have chips, cracks or a generally uneven appearance.

– Genetics: Certain people may be born with abnormal spacing between the teeth that grows wider as they age.

– Uneven teeth: Uneven teeth can result from tooth grinding or general wear and tear.

Porcelain Veneers and Composite Resin Veneers

The two most common materials used in the manufacture of dental veneers are composite resin and porcelain veneers. Both porcelain veneers and composite veneers can be fabricated by a dental technician in a dental laboratory; composite veneers can also be directly fabricated inside your mouth at the dental office.

Dental veneers that are indirectly fabricated — fabricated in a dental laboratory — are bonded to the teeth with various types of resin cement. Of the two options, porcelain veneers are longer lasting and more expensive.

When are Veneers Appropriate?

Bonding often serves as an inexpensive and effective restoration for small chips and cracks in the teeth. Such minor problems may be functionally and cosmetically repaired with a composite „white filling.“ A composite resin material is bonded to the tooth in order to fill in the chip or crack and better protect the surrounding tooth structure. But for more severe cases of dullness, wear, discoloration, mild chipping, cracking, spacing, or uneven teeth, dental veneers may be recommended as a more appropriate solution.

Veneers or Whitening?

Teeth whitening may provide a white smile for mildly discolored teeth. Some people who are interested in veneers will find that their cosmetic dentist will steer them to the simpler alternative of whitening, perhaps combined with some simple orthodontic alignment. The placement of dental veneers requires the “shaping” or “prepping” of all teeth being fitted with the custom-designed shells. This process permanently alters the teeth that are treated and is therefore not recommended if your natural teeth are functionally and esthetically adequate.

If you have a severe case of dull or discolored teeth, you may have to opt for dental veneers. Veneers do have the added benefits of longevity and a proven ability to enhance the appearance of the mouth, smile, and possibly other areas of an aged face that would be better supported by properly shaped teeth. Although veneers require a much larger commitment than teeth whitening, the results are typically well worth it.

A Restorative Benefit to Veneers

In addition to being esthetically pleasing, dental veneers can also serve a functional purpose by protecting the surface of a damaged tooth. In some cases, veneers may replace the need for a dental crown, eliminating the need for more invasive tooth preparation.

Because dental veneers are so thin, they might require little-to-no tooth reshaping when bonded onto the tooth. Once veneers are bonded into place, they are relatively strong and durable; however, care must be taken so as not to abuse veneers because the thin porcelain shells can damage or break. Your dentist may advise you against certain uses or dietary tendencies (such as eating carrots) and may recommend you wear a protective appliance while your sleep, especially if you are a bruxer.

 

 

Sources:

Consumer Guide to Dentistry

Your Dentistry Guide

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By |април 8th, 2013|Estetska stomatologija, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Vrste zuba

Postoje četiri različita tipa zuba kod odraslog čoveka. Kompletno zubalo odrasle osobe sadrži 32 zuba.

 

Kod odraslih ljudski morfologija (forma i struktura) zuba uglavnom se razlikuje po obliku njihove gornje površine (kruna) i broju korena zuba. Individualna morfologija zuba povezana je sa funkcijom te vrste zuba (sečenje, komadanje ili sitnjenje hrane).

Pogledajte demonstracioni video trodimenzionalnog modela ljudskog […]

By |април 8th, 2013|O zubima, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Hronologija nicanja zuba

Nicanje zuba je proces u razvoju zuba u kojem zubi izbijaju i ulaze u usta postajući vidljivi. Trenutno se veruje da parodontalni ligament igra važnu ulogu u nicanju zuba. Inače, sam razvoj zuba počinje mnogo pre nicanja,  još u fazi embriona u materici majke.

Tooth eruption is a process in tooth development in which the teeth enter the mouth and become visible. It is currently believed that the periodontal ligaments play an important role in tooth eruption. Development of teeth begins long before eruption, even in the stage of the embryo in the mother’s uterus.

Primary (baby) teeth erupt into the mouth from around 6 months until 2 years of age. These teeth are the only ones in the mouth until a person is about 6 years old. At that time, the first permanent tooth erupts and begins a time in which there is a combination of primary and permanent teeth. This stage, known as the mixed stage, lasts until the last primary tooth is lost. Then, the remaining permanent teeth erupt into the mouth.

Demo video:

Although tooth eruption occurs at different times for different people, a general eruption timeline exists. Typically, humans have 20 primary teeth and 32 permanent teeth.

As already mentioned, tooth eruption has three stages. The first, known as primary dentition stage, occurs when only primary teeth are visible. Once the first permanent tooth erupts into the mouth, the teeth are in the mixed (or transitional) dentition. After the last primary tooth falls out of the mouth, the teeth are in the permanent dentition.

Primary teeth

Primarni dečiji (mlečni) zubi:

 

Primary teeth 

lower
upper

age

(мonths)

chronological

order

age

(months)

chronological

order

cental incisor
6
1
7,5
1

lateral incisor
7
2
9
2

canine
16
4
19
4

first premolar



second

premolar



first  molar
12
3
14
3

second molar
20
5
24
5

third molar

(wisdom

tooth)




 

Demo video:

Permanent teeth

Permanent teeth

lower
upper

age

(year)

chronological

order

age

(year)

chronological

order

cental incisor
6 – 7
2
7 – 8
2

lateral incisor
7 – 8
3
8 – 9
3

canine
9 – 10
4
11 – 12
6

first premolar
10 – 11
5
10 – 11
4

second premolar
11 – 12
6
11 – 12
5

first molar
6 – 7
1
6 – 7
1

second molar
11 – 13
7
12 – 13
7

third molar

(wisdom

tooth)

17 – 21
8
17 – 21
8

Demo video:

 

Demo video – tooth development:

Sources:

Web Dental Office

Dentpedia

Simple Steps to Dental Health

[…]

By |април 2nd, 2013|Dečija stomatologija, O zubima, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Sprečavanje nastanka karijesa

Karijes je najčešće oboljenje današnjice. Ukratko, to je progresivno uništavanje zuba kiselinom koju proizvode bakterije koje se nalaze u dentalnom (zubnom) plaku.

Prevencija

Preventiva počinje odgovarajućim održavanjem oralne higijene. Fokus održavanja oralne higijene je uklanjanje i sprečavanje nastanka pomenutog zubnog plaka, koji je ustvari lepljiva materija koja sadrži bakterije, a nalazi se na površini zuba.

Danas postoje […]

By |април 1st, 2013|Preventiva i oralna higijena, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Pušenje, opasnost za zdravlje desni

Verovatno ste videli upozorenje na pakovanjima cigareta „ Prestanak pušenja, u velikoj meri smanjuje ozbiljne rizike za vaše zdravlje.“ Šta vam od bolesti pada na pamet vezano za pušenje? Rak pluća verovatno. Emfizem, možda?

Ali da li znate da je polovina parodontalnih bolesti kod pušača, uzrokovana pušenjem? Hronična (dugotrajna) oboljnja desni mogu da dovedu do gubitka […]

By |април 1st, 2013|Bolesti usta i zuba, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Otkrivene plombe iz antičkog doba

Tim italijanskih stručnjaka pronašao je nedavno dokaze da su plombe na zubima rađene još u antičkom svetu.

Tim na čelu sa Federikom Bernardinijem sa Međunarodnog centra za teoretsku fiziku iz Trsta koristio je različite tehnike kako bi dokazao da 6.500 godina stara lobanja pronađena uSloveniji ima napukli zub koji je plombiran pčelinjim voskom.

Reč je, kako prenosi američki list “Arheologija”, o najstarijoj plombi […]

By |март 21st, 2013|Razno, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Lečenje kanala korena

Lečenje kanala korena zuba spašava u proseku 17 miliona zuba svake godine. Sačuvati zub i zaustaviti bol – zvuči bolje od vađenja zuba, zar ne?

Šta je tačno lečenje kanala korena?

Cilj lečenja korena zuba je uklanjanje inficirane i oštećene pulpe i punjenje kanala neaktivnom (inertnom) materijom. Ukoliko se kanal zuba ne leči, zub je potrebno […]

By |септембар 1st, 2012|Slider, Stomatološke procedure, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Preterano vidljive desni

Da li mislite je izgled vaših gornjih zuba zasenjen prevelikim tkivom desni kada se osmehnete? Da li mislite da su Vaši gornji zubi suviše kratki u odnosu na desni koje se vide kada kada se nasmejete? Ako ste odgovorili „da“ na bilo koje od ovih pitanja, Vi imate takozvani “gummy smile” (vidljive desni kad se nasmejete) odnosno prevelike desni.When you smile, do you feel the appearance of your upper teeth is overshadowed by excessive gum tissue? Are you of the opinion that your upper teeth appear too short compared to the amount of gingival tissue displayed when you smile? If you answered “yes” to either of these questions, you may have a condition that is commonly called a “gummy smile” or excessive gingival display.
Gummy smile can have a negative affect on the esthetics of your smile. The good news is that a gummy smile can be corrected through various treatment options. There are several possible causes of gummy smile, including.:
An excessive display of gum tissue in your upper jaw can result from the abnormal eruption of the teeth.
Teeth covered by excessive gum tissue appear short, even though they may actually be the proper length.
The muscle that controls the movement of your upper lip could be hyperactive, causing your upper lip to rise up higher than normal. When this occurs, more of your gum tissue is exposed when you smile.
The manner in which your upper jaw bone grew and developed could cause the appearance of a gummy smile. For instance, if there was an excessive bulging protrusion of the upper jaw within the gum tissue, you would experience an obvious gummy appearance when you smile.

If you suffer from a severe gummy smile, your dentist may refer you to a specialist, like a periodontist, orthodontist or an oral surgeon. Depending on the nature of your specific clinical condition, treatment for your gummy smile could include one or more of the following:
Same-day laser treatments (in minor cases).
Surgical lip repositioning.
Orthodontics (braces) to move the teeth into more suitable positions.
Surgical sculpting of the gingival tissues and bone to create healthier and more attractive looking gum contours.
Maxillofacial surgery to reposition the bone.

 

 

Sources:

Consumer Guide to Dentistry

Simple Steps to Better Dental Health

[…]

By |август 28th, 2012|Estetska stomatologija, Slider, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

8 koraka do oralnog zdravlja

Svi znamo da treba da peremo zube i da koristimo zubni konac, ali postoje i drugi koraci koje bi trebalo preduzeti ako želite da imate zube do kraja života. Neki ljudi pretpostavljaju da će u starosti svakako ostati bez zuba. To ne mora dogoditi. Evo 8 koraka koje bi trebalo slediti.

 

 

 

 

1. Upoznajte se sa potrebama […]

By |август 28th, 2012|Preventiva i oralna higijena, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments

Stomatološka nega dece

Prvu posetu stomatologu trebalo bi uraditi do prvog rođendana (obično između 6 meseci i godinu dana). Rani pregled i preventivna nega su  važni u zaštiti osmeha Vašeg deteta.

The first visit to the pediatric dentist should be by the first birthday (usually between six and twelve months of age).  Early exam and preventive care is important in protecting your child’s smile.

 

The most important reason for an early visit is prevention of dental caries such as early childhood caries (EEC).

This severe form of tooth decay in primary, or baby teeth, is caused when juice, formula, milk, breast milk or any liquid that contains certain carbohydrates sits on teeth for a prolonged period.

The sooner the child visits the dentist, the better the chance of preventing dental problems.  Your child will also start early on a lifetime of good dental habits.

Teething

During tooth eruption, your child may have sore gums.  This usually occurs between 6 months and 3 years of age.

Many children like a teething ring, teething necklace, cool spoon, or cold wet washcloth.

Demo video :

Prevention of Tooth Decay for your Baby

Your child should be drinking from a cup by his/her first birthday ( or 12-14 months of age).  Children should not fall asleep with a bottle.  Nightime nursing should be avoided as soon as your child’s first primary (baby) tooth erupts.

Drinking juice from a bottle should be avoided.  Juice, if given, should be given in a cup.

 

Cleaning your Baby’s Teeth

Your baby’s teeth can be cleaned with an infant toothbrush and water.  Training toothpaste can be used until 2-3 years of age.

 

 

Fluoridated toothpaste is not advised until your child is able to spit well and does not pose a risk of swallowing the toothpaste.

 

Sources:

Web Dental Office

Smile Kids

Simple Steps to Dental Health

[…]

By |април 1st, 2012|Dečija stomatologija, Tekstovi i saveti|0 Comments